## How Swampscott’s FY2022 Property Tax is Calculated

Swampscott’s residential tax rate will drop from \$13.80 in Fiscal Year 2021 to \$12.83 in FY 2022 (and down from a high of \$18.84 in FY 2013). The FY 2022 rate will be the lowest since 2006.

Commercial and industrial property is surcharged at 170%, as in FY 2021, resulting in a tax rate of \$23.20, down from \$24.90 in FY 2021 (and a high of \$35.02 in FY 2013).

The average SFH tax bill has been flat in recent years:

“Every year since 2017, Swampscott’s average, single-family home tax bill has dropped or stayed level – and that’s unique, exceptional,” said Town Administrator Sean Fitzgerald. “You won’t be able to find another community in the commonwealth that has spent as much time really trying to find balance and stability. Many peer communities have increased their taxes every year over the past four years.”

How is the rate calculated?
The method of calculating the tax rate is quite simple: take the \$ amount of the previous year’s tax levy, add 2.5% for Proposition 2 1/2, and also add any new growth (such as new construction or a condo conversion). This figure is the new maximum tax levy. To this figure is added debt service – the Principal and Interest payable on the town’s debt.
Note that in recent years, Swampscott has not assessed the maximum allowed under this formula, a decision that has reduced the tax bill for residents.
Here are the numbers for FY 2021 and FY 2022, remembering that the FY 2022 runs from July 2021 to June 2022.

The Tax Rate
The actual tax rate depends upon the total Assessed Value of all property: residential, and commercial, industrial and personal (CIP). The tax rate is calculated by dividing the total dollar amount to be raised from each class by the Assessed Value of each class. Thus, the headline tax rate will also fluctuate depending upon the direction of Assessed Values.
In simplistic terms, if we assume that the \$ amount to be raised increases by a little more than 2 1/2% each year, then if the average Assessed Value also increases by a little more than 2 1/2% the tax rate will be unchanged. If the increase in Assessed Values is less than 2 1/2%, then the tax rate will rise. And if the increase in Assessed Values is more than 2 1/2% then the tax rate will fall. In recent years Assessed Values have been increasing significantly more than 2 1/2% allowing for the tax rate to decline sharply.
Looking at the Swampscott residential tax rate, in FY 2021 it was \$13.80, achieved by dividing \$43.7 million raised from residential homeowners by the residential AV of \$3.2 billion. In FY 2022 the amount to be raised from residential taxpayers is set to increase slightly to \$44.7 million, but because the total residential AV increased by 10% to \$3.5 billion, the headline tax rate has dropped to \$13.20, the lowest figure since 2006.

Comment
The residential real estate market in Swampscott was stable in 2020 (and 2020 prices are the basis for the FY 2022 tax rate), with the median price of Single Family Homes sold rising by 2.1%. Sales in any year represent only a small percentage of the total stock so it does not follow that assessed values calculated by the town will mirror these movements.
As to the tax rate for FY 2023, 2022 ( the basis for FY 2021) is a different story with the median Single Family price increasing 16% in the first half of the year. The actual rate will depend on a number of factors: the amount of debt service, how much of the maximum tax levy is assessed, and the shift to the CIP class being three of them. But unless there is a dramatic change in the market in the second half of 2021 the likelihood is that the actual tax rate will decline significantly in FY2023.
From a residential real estate perspective, the substantial decline in the tax rate in recent years and the stability in tax bills are both very welcome news and are clearly encouraging more people to decide both to live and work in Swampscott.

Market Analyst | Team Harborside | teamharborside.com
REALTOR®
Sagan Harborside Sotheby’s International Realty
One Essex Street | Marblehead, MA 01945
m 617.834.8205

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## Swampscott 2022 Housing Market Review

Single Family Homes (SFH)
The SFH Median Price increased 14% in 2022, while sales dropped to the lowest level since 2010

The share of sales over \$800,000 increased from 33% in 2021 to 48% in 2022, driving the median price for the year to almost \$800,000. 32 of the 117 sales were over \$1 million in 2022, compared with 18 in 2021.

Condos
The median Condo sold price increased 2.5%, while sales dropped to the lowest level since 2016. The share of sales over \$400,000 increased slightly from 57% to 61% and, therefore, the median price also increased slightly. (more…)

## January Sales in Marblehead and Swampscott

A small sample for January, but two observations:
1. the number of properties selling above list price was lower overall, and the amount over list decreased – there were no sales at 110% or more.
2. 4 of the properties had price cuts – and all 4 sold for less than their reduced price.

## December sales in Marblehead and Swampscott still mostly above List Price

The small number of December sales in Marblehead and Swampscott continued to show strength.

6 of 9 SFH sales in December – and 1 of 3 Condo sales –  were over List price.

Swampscott
6 of 9 SFH sales in October were at or over List price, while 1 of the Condo sales was at List and one just below. (more…)

## Marblehead and Swampscott November sales still strong

November sales in Marblehead and Swampscott continue to show strength.

10 of 19 SFH sales in November were at or over List price, with 2 sales at 23% and 32% over list. Just 1 of the 4 Condo sales was over List.

Swampscott
6 of 10 SFH sales in October were at or over List price (5 over the Original List Price), while 5 of the 6 Condo sales were at or above List.

Comment
While sales continue to be strong – and often strongly above list price – it is interesting to note that 8 of the 14 SFHs currently available for sale in Marblehead have had price reductions, while 4 of the 9 in Swampscott have also seen price cuts – or “adjustments” or “improvements” as we like to call them.
Note also that in November, all but 1 of the sales where the price had been reduced subsequently took place below the reduced price.
The sample is small, but the implication is clear: over-pricing in this market leads to a lower sale price.

## Swampscott Q3 2022 Report: Median Price hits \$800,000

The median price of the Single Family Homes (SFH) sold in Swampscott in the first 9 months of 2022  (YTD Q3)  increased  12% to \$800,000. The median condo price also increased 12% YTD Q3 to \$447,500.

Single Family Homes (SFH)
The median price of the SFHs sold in Swampscott in the first 9 months of 2022 (YTD Q3 2022) increased 12% to \$800,000 on the smallest number of sales since 2012.

As the percentage of sales over \$800,000  increased from 36% YTD in 2021 to 51% YTD in 2022, so the median price moved from just over \$700,000 to \$800,000. Sales over \$1 million YTD increased from 13 to 25. (more…)

## Summer 2022 Market Review

Click on Summer Market Review to read the market review for the first 6 months of 2022,

This reports covers all 34 cities and towns in Essex County, with more detailed reviews of Beverly, Gloucester, Manchester-by-the-Sea, Marblehead, Rockport, Salem and Swampscott

And these recent articles: (more…)